Supply Chain Management involves the planning and management of all activities pertaining to sourcing, procurement, conversion, and all logistics management activities. Importantly, it also includes coordination and collaboration with channel partners, which can be suppliers, intermediaries, third-party service providers, and customers. In essence, Supply Chain Management integrates supply and demand management within and across companies.
It is an integrating function which is primarily responsible for linking major business functions and processes ‒ within and across organisations ‒ into a cohesive and high-performing business
model. It includes all of the logistics management activities noted above, as well as manufacturing operations. In addition to this, it drives coordination of processes and activities with and
across marketing, sales, product design, finance and information technology (CSCMP, 2006).
Supply Chain Management (SCM) is taking priority on the agendas of CEO’s in Africa because of three major changes: